At this time last year, hopes were high in the investment adviser community that the Securities and Exchange Commission would follow up its Section 913 Study with a proposed rule on a uniform fiduciary standard.
But with an eerie silence on the commission’s part over the months, several groups are now reminding the SEC that the investment community is still waiting for a decision. See: One-Man Think Tank: Four red flags in the SEC’s fiduciary report.
On Monday, the Institute for the Fiduciary Standard wrote to the SEC rejecting SIFMA’s stand on fiduciary status as expressed in a July letter by the trade group for brokers. The institute’s letter echoes a similar missive sent to the SEC March 28, from RIA industry organizations and consumer advocacy groups.
Way, way short
“SIFMA is proposing a broker sales standard, not a fiduciary standard,” institute president Knut Rostad said in a press release accompanying Monday’s letter to the SEC. “It falls way, way short of the fiduciary obligation established under the [Investment] Advisers Act [of 1940]. As such, SlFMA is trying to overlay Wall Street’s product sales model on to the Advisers Act fiduciary advice model.” See: 10 top groups define 'fiduciary’.
The March 28 letter, signed by The Certified Financial Planner Board of Standards Inc., the Financial Planning Association, National Association of Personal Financial Advisors, Investment Adviser Association, AARP, Fund Democracy and the Consumer Federation of America, read: “While the commission must be mindful of the impact upon the industry as it implements the fiduciary standard for brokers, it must also avoid an over-response to expressions of broker-dealer concerns that reflect either a misunderstanding of the standard or an unwarranted effort to limit its scope. The result of accommodating such unfounded concerns would undermine entirely the congressional initiative to provide necessary investor protections.”
Both letters pick apart SIFMA’s July letter to the SEC almost line by line, pointing out where, in the groups’ view, SIFMA parsed the law to support its suggestion that a new fiduciary standard is needed, rather than an extension and clarification of the Advisers Act.
A spokeswoman for the SEC, Judith Burns, did not provide a response directly to the March 28 or April 9 letters, but pointed to Chairman Mary Schapiro’s last testimony on the subject from December 2011, in which she told Congress, “The staff is currently considering the contours of rule-making following on the study, including the costs and benefits of options for rule-making. The staff also is continuing to meet with academics, and industry and investor representatives, who have an interest in or insights into the results and recommendations of the study. In addition, the commission’s economists are considering available data that would help inform any potential rule recommendation.”
Schapiro also confirmed continuing work on the topic in a letter to Rep. Scott Garrett (R-N.J.), chairman of the House Financial Services Subcommittee on Capital Markets and Government Sponsored Enterprises, who wrote to her inquiring about cost-benefit analysis.
The signatories of the March 28 letter say it was written to suggest a way forward by delineating points of agreement and disagreement.
“Our letter is a good faith effort to try to bridge the gaps where possible,” says David Tittsworth, executive director of the Investment Adviser Association. “By following the outline of SIFMA’s letter, we are striving to rise above the rhetoric by identifying specific areas of potential agreement — even while explaining why we disagree with certain aspects of SIFMA’s positions. We hope this will help the SEC in moving forward with the Section 913 rule-making.” See: The 10 most influential figures in the RIA business going into 2012.
Barbara Roper, director of investor protection for the Consumer Federation of America, agrees. “This issue doesn’t have to be dead. There’s a way forward that could be based on some general principles of agreement. We’re saying, 'This is where we see potential for agreement, and these are the areas where disagreements would have to be worked out.’”
Nothing better than something?
The letters come more than a year after the SEC staff stated in its Dodd-Frank-mandated Section 913 study that there should be a uniform fiduciary standard, and about eight months after SIFMA’s letter to the SEC. It took time, advocates say, to carefully examine the SIFMA approach, and get all signatories to approve the letter.
But with the SEC grappling with its other mandated work related to Dodd-Frank, as well as pressure to prove that rule-making meets rigorous cost-benefit analysis, the investors’ best interest are getting shunted to the side, according to many in the advisory community. Additionally, there’s concern that if the SEC adheres too closely to the SIFMA approach, there will be virtually no fiduciary standard.
The problem is that SIFMA is backing what some suggest is a dressed-up version of the suitability standard that now applies to broker-dealers, as Rostad and the Institute for the Fiduciary Standard wrote in their letter. See: The suitability standard, defined.
“SIFMA’s uniform standard is not an “investor best interest” standard; it should be branded what it is: a 'Broker Sales’ Standard,” the letter read.
Rostad said in an interview that he believes that no SEC decision at all would be preferable to one that follows SIFMA’s recommendations.
“I have mixed feelings about the commission moving forward that are tied to how much of the views of SIFMA are they going to adopt,” he says. “If they essentially adopt SIFMA’s views, investors would be far better off if the commission did not go forward. If SIFMA’s views are essentially embodied by the commission, there will be no fiduciary standard left.”
Harold Evensky, president of Evensky & Katz and a member of the Steering Committee of The Institute for the Fiduciary Standard, agrees.
“I’d rather them delay and come out with something substantive, rather than a watered-down standard. It might take decades to turn that around.” See: The Fiduciary Debate: Getting past the vested interests.
When asked for comment on the groups’ letter, Ira Hammerman, SIFMA’s senior managing director and general counsel, reiterated in an e-mail the stance articulated in his organization’s July letter to the SEC.
“We support a uniform fiduciary standard of conduct that increases protection for individual retail investors receiving personalized investment advice while preserving investor choice. With that, we call for a uniform standard of oversight and enforcement through the creation of a new [self-regulatory organization] for RIAs, which we view as a natural and necessary component of a new uniform fiduciary standard. We believe our framework offers the optimal path forward for regulators to establish a new standard in line with what Congress wrote in the statute.”
Time running out
Industry observers say that unless the SEC acts quickly, a no-decision outcome is likely given the upcoming presidential election. In addition, the JOBS Act may divert rule-making resources in the near term.
“We hope it will help move the issue, and help the SEC get a proposal out there,” said Mercer Bullard, president and founder of Fund Democracy.
Asked if he felt frustrated by the SEC’s inaction, Dan Moisand, principal of Moisand Fitzgerald Tamayo and a former chairman of the Financial Planning Association, responded, “I have been frustrated by the SEC over the course of my 20-plus-year career.
They’ve allowed the line between adviser and broker to become so blurred, and it’s gotten worse and worse. They have the opportunity to stop it, or screw it up worse than they already have.”